People can play a distinct role in protecting their health, choosing appropriate treatments and managing long-term conditions. Self-management includes all the actions taken by people to recognise, treat and manage their own healthcare independently of or in partnership with the healthcare system.
We collated data from 228 systematic reviews. This showed that the most effective approaches to supporting self management include:
self management courses: these can be disease-specific or generic; face to
face or online
proactive telephone support and telehealth interventions
encouragement of self-monitoring of symptoms and vital signs